Why was Russia called Russia?
Our country bears the proud name of Russia. But someday you wonder why she has that particular name? It is much easier to understand why Russia was called Russia, than to explain the appearance of the ancient name of the state of Russia. This name came from the Slavic settlement that lived on the banks of the river Ros, which flows from the Dnieper. This version was first put forward by Gumilyov, and many historians adhere to it to this day. There is also an opinion that the tribe of Russ had Norman roots, and its very name was borrowed from this language.
Influence of history
If we talk about the modern name of the country - Russia, then officially it was fixed only during the reign of Peter I. Until this time, the country was named in foreign official documents as Muscovy, and the inhabitants - Muscovites. At a time when the Tatar-Mongol threat hung over the country, a single state did not exist, as such. And only with the reign of Ivan the Terrible is connected the first official unification of the territories together.The descendant of Ivan the Terrible, Ivan III, first formulated the name of the country of Russia, but not all the territories wanted to be called this name. For example, Nizhny Novgorod more than once were persecuted by Ivan the Terrible for the fact that in spite of everything they continued to call themselves Rusich.
There is also an opinion as to why Russia was called Russia, that the term “Russia” was used long before the Tsar’s rule. This is what the North-Eastern lands of Russia were called, but such references in historical manuscripts are extremely rare. Such data can be found in some annals.
The Grand Duchy of Moscow was the name given to Russia before its official name was documented by Peter. He did it in order to bring his country closer to Europe, which he considered perfect. Thereby he wanted to win respect and respect in the eyes of Europeans.
Peter and Russia
It was under Peter that the scientific potential of Russia began to emerge, which was concentrated around the Kiev-Mohyla Academy, respected not only in the country, but throughout Europe. However, after some time, the king decided, together with the name, to completely change the capital and create a new one from scratch. That is how St. Petersburg began to be built.He considers Moscow habits to be unnecessary in a new country, and the metropolitan nobility remains out of work.
If we talk about the political point of view on this issue, the official renaming of the country has not been commented on. Everywhere in the historical documents there is only one inscription "This is how Peter I ordered." However, it was the country’s receipt of the new name that became the pivot for the beginning of a new era in the history of the state. The name "Russia" was much more concise than the more ancient "Russia".
Needless to say, Moscow tried to resist the process as best it could. However, all riots were suppressed by force. Peter created a new European power, which began to re-develop in the cultural, social and economic areas. Thus, we now know why Russia was called Russia, and what historical events were behind this seemingly insignificant renaming of the state from Russia to Russia.