Who burned the Alexandrian library and why ??

Who burned the Alexandrian library and why ??

  1. Alexandri # 769; X library # 769; ka one of the largest libraries of antiquity.
    It was founded in the beginning of the III century BC during the reign of Egyptian king Ptolemy II Philadelphus. At the base of the library, Peripatetics Demetrius of Falerski and, possibly, Straton from Lampsaca took part. It was the largest library in the ancient world, in which, presumably, it was stored from 400 thousand to 700 thousand parchment scrolls. The first curator of the library was Zenodoth of Ephesus (before 234 BC), after him Eratosthenes of Cyrene (from 236 to 195 BC), Aristophanes of Byzantium (according to 185180 BC) Aristarchus of Samothrace (according to 146 BC). In the library, there were other outstanding uchichnye epochs of Hellenism, including Euclid.

    "Daughter Library" (branch) was established ca. 235 BC. e. Ptolemy III in the Temple of Serapis; the main library was located in a different part of the city, in the vicinity of the palace, in the Brucheion quarter.

    In the 4847 years BC. e. Julius Caesar fought in Egypt, intervening in the dynastic war between Cleopatra and his brother Ptolemy XIII Dionysus. As a result of military operations (shelling of the city), a big fire broke out in the city and the library and some of the books burned down. Subsequently, the building was rebuilt, and (according to one version), Mark Antony replenished the fund with the other largest library of the Hellenistic world in the ancient city of Pergamum.

    In 273, the Roman emperor Aurelian destroyed and burned the library while taking Alexandria, suppressing the rebellion of Queen Zenobia. Part of the surviving books was taken to Constantinople.

    In 391, the city experienced unrest and conflict between pagans and Christians. There are different versions of the origin and flow of conflict. In the end, the patriarch Theophil received from Theodosius I permission to destroy pagan buildings, which caused the destruction of the Serapeum. Probably, thus the part of the books which was in a temple was lost. For the sake of justice, it should be noted that there are two references to the events of 391 year: Socrates Scholasticus and the pagan author of Eunapius of Sardis, and both speak only of the destruction of pagan temples; no mention is made of the destruction of books in them. Moreover, it is not known how many books were in Serapeum, and whether they were there by that time at all.

    The surviving remnants of the manuscripts died, apparently, in 7-8 centuries under the domination of Muslim Arabs. There is a legend: in 646, Caliph Omar ibn Khattab gave the commander commander Amru to burn the Alexandrian library. At the same time, the Caliph said: "If these books say what is in the Qur'an, they are useless, and if they say something else, then they are harmful, and therefore in both cases they must be burned." But this is most likely nothing more than a legend.

    Thus, it is difficult to attribute the loss of the library to any one event or to accuse it uniquely of pagans, Christians or Muslims. There is no unanimous opinion on this count. For example, Plutarch vinyl Caesar, Evard Gibbons vinyl Christians, Syrian Bishop Gregory Bar-Gebray vinyl Muslims, and the authors of the British Encyclopedia lay the main blame for Aurelian: "The museum and library managed to survive for many centuries, but were destroyed in the civil war under the Roman emperor Aurelian ".

    In 2003 n. e. in Alexandria, on the site of the old library, a modern Alexandrine Library was built, designed to restore former greatness and to provide free access to knowledge for all comers.

  2. The Levites burned a love, and the world order was seized
  3. It can be assumed that traces of past real history have swept away
  4. I'm sad when I think about it ....)))))))))
  5. Some crank on the letter "M" from nothing to do. He was bored. Herostratus fucking.
  6. It's not me!

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