What is gardnerella?
Gardnerella vaginalis is the only type of microorganism of the monotypic genus that is constantly contained in the microflora of the female body. With the development of a disease such as gardnerellez (gardnerella infection), the content of gardnerella in the body is rapidly growing, disrupting the microflora. Let us examine in more detail what a gardnerella is.
Gardnerella vaginalis - what is dangerous?
Gardnerella, as we have said above, is constantly contained only in the female body. In the male body, they are also sometimes present, but they cannot be in it for a long time. Uncontrolled reproduction of Gardnerella in the male body is possible only in 10% of cases. However, even if a man is sick with gardnerellosis, he may not notice this - the course of the disease is asymptomatic. Although some complications of an intimate kind can occur with gardnerellez, it will be impossible to identify their cause without a special examination.
In addition, it is important to say that a man who is sick with Gardnerella,is a carrier of this disease and, with unprotected sexual contact, can infect a woman.
Gardnerellosis in women - causes
For the most part, the cause of Gardnerella in women is unprotected sexual contact with an infected partner, however, there are cases of non-sexual infection, which explains cases of Gardnerella in girls who have never had sexual intercourse.
The vaginal mucosa contains about 15 types of various bacteria that, under normal conditions, provide non-pathogenic flora, but taking antifungal drugs and antibiotics, frequent use of gynecological ointments and tampons, hormonal imbalances and other causes can cause imbalances in the flora. Thus, as you might guess, the cause of Gardnerella can even be antibiotics.
Gardnerellosis in women - symptoms and treatment
Symptoms of Gardnerella are not pronounced - vaginal discharge, itching, burning of the genitals, discomfort during sexual intercourse, fishy smell, indicating the proliferation of microorganisms. These symptoms are typical of many diseases.This means that a woman who has found similar symptoms should contact a gynecologist for the purpose of prescribing an examination and treatment.