What is a poem?
Those who ask themselves what is called a poem can be answered simply: a poem is the same poem, only a large one. Immediately make a reservation: the poem is still called the epic - medieval and even ancient. This is not quite so, rather the poem appeared from the epic. As a rule, such works reflect famous historical events. For example, "Mahabharata" or "Iliad", or "Song of Roland". We, however, will dwell on more poetic works closer to us in time, called poems. And, in particular, on their genre varieties.
Genre varieties of poem
It is easier to understand what a poem is when you know its genre varieties. So, thematically, the poems are divided into heroic, didactic, that is, instructive, satirical, with a romantic or lyric-dramatic plot, burlesque, that is eccentric, as well as humorously heroic.
To better understand what a poem is in literature, let's turn to the list of famous poems.This is the ancient Roman poet Virgil's Aeneid, the “Divine Comedy” by the Italian poet Dante, the “Russia” by the Russian poet M.M. Kheraskov, "Henriad" Voltaire and others. All these poems - on exciting all historical or religious themes. Those who want to better understand what a poem is, it would be nice to also get acquainted with poems with a romantic plot. They include the famous Shahname by Firdousi and the Knight in Tiger's Skin Shota Rustaveli.
By the way, the flowering of such a genre as a poem came just at the era of romanticism. At that time, many poets expressed their philosophical and ideological views through a poem, like, say, J. Byron in Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage or A. S. Pushkin in The Bronze Horseman, or M. Yu. Lermontov in The Demon .
Poem in the Soviet era
In Soviet poetry, the genre of the poem was also very popular. Moreover, the poets used different genre varieties of the poem. So, the heroic direction can be traced in the poems of V. Mayakovsky and the poems "Good!" and Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, in Vasily Terkin by A. Tvardovsky, lyrico-psychological - in Anna Snegina by S.Yesenin, historical - in the "Tobolsk chronicler" L. Martynov, socio-historical and moral - in the "Mid-Century" by V. Lugovsky.