Useful properties of cucumber. Cucumbers: useful properties and contraindications
Cucumbers deservedly received the title of one of the most dietary, healthy and low-calorie vegetables. In Russia, this green fruit does not disappear from our diet and is the most popular food product after potatoes. The beneficial properties of cucumber are highly valued in alternative and ayurvedic medicine.
Our ancestors widely used herbaceous plant sap for therapeutic purposes. Vegetables at all times were considered a kind of lifeline from physical ailments. Even scientists and physicians have repeatedly said that cucumbers bring continuous benefits to humans. Useful properties and contraindications of these vegetables will try to disassemble in detail.
The origin of a cultivated herbaceous plant according to reliable sources is estimated at several thousand centuries.In its wild form, it is still found in subtropical and tropical Asia. In this area, whole plantations of green vegetables are found, which form long branchy vines up to 20 m.
During the excavations, archeologists repeatedly found stone remains of an amazing plant, dating back to 2000, BC. Vegetables were exported to Russia from Byzantium, presumably in the 5-6 centuries. During the reign of Peter I, a decree was issued on a large-scale vegetable farming. Since then, cucumbers do not disappear from our tables.
Breeders are constantly engaged in breeding new hybrids to improve the taste, quality, increase yield and plant resistance to different climatic conditions. Similar experiments give positive results. Specialists in this area managed to bring amazing varieties with delicate pulp and thin skin.
Indian momordica cucumber is one of the best overseas varieties; its useful properties are not inferior to domestic cultural selections. Vegetable has found wide application not only in cooking in different countries, but also in ayurverde.The fruits have proven to be highly effective in the treatment of diabetes and worms.
Often they are called Chinese melon, apparently they are very similar. Momordica has a rich yellow color and bright red fruits. Exotic vegetable has a delicious smell, reminiscent of the aroma of ripe watermelon. It is excellent for cooking a variety of dishes. It is made of amazingly tasty caviar, salads, sauces, and also fried, stewed and salted.
The main features of these vegetables are fast fruiting and high yields. They also adapt to almost any conditions and do not cease to bear fruit even during the frost period. An Indian cucumber, whose beneficial properties are not known to everyone, has antiviral and antibacterial effects. Until the end of its composition and therapeutic properties of specialists have not been studied. But one thing is clear that in small doses Indian crops have a beneficial effect on the organism as a whole.
Biochemical composition and benefits
According to some nutritionists, cucumbers have a low nutritional value and a scanty set of building microelements.However, in the era of the Hippocrates, the doctors thought otherwise. Vegetables attributed really miraculous qualities and used for medicinal purposes.
From the plant, decoctions, infusions and various drugs were used, which were used as a diuretic, anti-inflammatory, choleretic and even febrifuge. The beneficial properties of cucumber on this were not limited. In our time, the juice of green vegetables is used for cosmetic purposes. And also they are used in pathology of the gastrointestinal tract and other diseases.
Medicinal properties due to the presence of organic compounds, essential oils and mineral elements. Cucumber contains a lot of phosphorus and potassium - these substances contribute to the rapid removal of excess fluid and sodium. In a herbaceous plant there is zinc, which is responsible for the work of the pancreas.
It is scientifically proven that cucumber contains iodine, which is several times more than in onions and potatoes. Why do we need this trace element - no need to explain. In addition to water, cucumbers contain a whole range of vitamins A, B, C necessary for humans, which provide the body with energy,support the normal functional activity of the internal organs and stimulate the immune system. A higher content of ascorbic acid is observed in the peel.
Effect on the body and pharmacological properties
The beneficial properties of fresh cucumbers are characterized by the presence of tartronic acid. It prevents the conversion of carbohydrates into fats. The main advantage of vegetables is that they contain a lot of alkali, which helps to normalize the acid balance in the body. A low calorie helps quickly and without negative consequences to get rid of body fat.
Vegetable fiber found in vegetables. It helps to establish the work of the intestinal tract and speeds up the process of food processing, preventing the delay of harmful substances. Practicing doctors advise people with rheumatic pathologies to prepare a drink based on beets, cucumbers and carrots. Vegetable juice has a healing effect. Even our ancestors used it to treat skin lesions (wounds, burns, cuts, acne).
A natural remedy perfectly removes puffiness, helps reduce pressure and normalizes the work of the heart muscle.Few people know that vegetables have analgesic, antispasmodic, antitumor and laxative effects. Decorations and infusions from the leaves of a herbaceous plant healers healed bleeding.
The beneficial properties of cucumber are highly valued by cosmetologists. Based on the sap of the plant, unique tonic, refreshing and anti-aging remedies are created. Lotions, masks, creams, peels and scrubs are used to combat problem skin.
Herbal remedies relieve inflammation, prevent the occurrence of acne, relieve excessive fat and refresh. Cucumber masks and skins are suitable for eliminating wrinkles. They are well whiten, soften, restore the complexion and tighten. At retail you will find cucumber water and alcohol lotions for washing.
Although natural cosmetics are very easy to do at home. It is enough to rub the vegetable together with the peel, pour in alcohol and insist 14 days. Wash the face twice a day with the prepared solution. This infusion can be used to improve hair growth.
The beneficial properties of fresh cucumber are contained in the available liquid (about 95%). The vegetable is low in calories - only 15 kcal per 100 g, so it is recommended to use it for weight loss. The exception is salted and pickled cucumbers, which increase appetite, but at the same time have a similar caloric content.
Cucumbers are unlikely to cause significant harm to the body. Useful properties and contraindications in this case are simply not comparable. However, doctors say that some people should limit their consumption. Especially to persons with high acidity and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
In limited quantities you should eat salted cucumbers. The beneficial properties of this product are much lower, since salt and acetic acid are present in the brine. The two constituent components aggressively affect the intestinal mucosa. The product is contraindicated in patients with impaired water-salt balance, high blood pressure, edema, and atherosclerosis.
For nursing and pregnant women
Since cucumbers have a slight laxative effect, they are not advisable to use during lactation, since they can provoke a disorder of the gastrointestinal tract in a baby and cause gas formation.But during pregnancy, on the contrary, vegetables are recommended, they will help prevent toxemia and remove excess fluid.
-In case of inflammation of the eyes: you need 30 grams of fresh peel, two spoons of edible soda and ½ cup of boiling water. Insist half an hour and wipe eyelids with filtered solution or make compresses.
-In case of skin disease: finely chop two hundred grams of vegetables, combine with dry, chopped willow bark (100 gr.) And raspberry leaves (50 gr.) Pour two liters of water and boil for 15-20 minutes. Strained decoction to treat damaged skin or add to the bath.
Infusion of cystitis
Insist two hours 50 grams of seeds of a grassy plant in half a liter of boiling water. Drink a glass for five days - in the morning and in the evening.
Broth with fever, hypertension, constipation and swelling
Grate some fresh fruits, stir in a glass of water and boil in a water bath for no more than ten minutes. Then let the liquid stand under the lid for about half an hour. Drink 1/3 cup - three times a day.
Summarizing the above, I would like to note that these beloved vegetables are presented by nature itself for the benefit of humanity.Not without reason is considered one of the best means of recovery of cucumbers, useful and harmful properties of which we have disclosed in full.