Urolithiasis in cats - what to do?
Urolithiasis in cats takes one of thefirst places among feline diseases, speaking at the same time often cause death. Urologic syndrome, as otherwise called this disorder, is a systemic disease of the genitourinary system, which usually has a chronic course and is accompanied by the formation of sand and stones in the kidneys, bladder, and deposits in the ureters and urethra.
There are certain signs of urolithicdiseases in cats. First of all, this frequent and painful urination. Sand and stones injure the urethra, which causes inflammation. In addition, in the urine there may be traces of blood, as well as crystals of salts, because of what it becomes cloudy. Crystals often get stuck in the urinary tract, making it difficult to drain urine. As a result, the cat often sits down, but the emptying of the bladder does not take place completely. This leads to overflow, the cat loses its appetite and becomes sluggish. The posture during urination is tense, the back arches, the cat can meow. Palpation of the bladder for a cat is painful. With the progression of the disease, the condition of the animal deteriorates even more: from overflow, the vessels in the walls of the bladder can burst, and urine - get into the circulatory system. Intoxication causes such symptoms as vomiting and convulsions. Finally, rupture of the bladder leads to peritonitis and, accordingly, to the death of the animal.
However, urolithiasis in cats canleak for a long time is externally asymptomatic in case the stones do not have sharp edges and there is no blockage of the urethra. This is the cunning of this disease.
The causes of such an unpleasant disease asurolithiasis in cats, are malnutrition, inactivity, metabolic disorders, hypovitaminosis, poor drinking water, early castration of cats, infection. The following breeds are most predisposed to the disease: Persian, Siamese, Himalayan, Burmese, Maine Coon. Often, the disease catches cats and cats after castration or sterilization, as their urination occurs less often. In addition, the deposition of calcium and phosphorus salts results in abundant incorporation of fish into the pet's diet. Infection is a relatively rare cause of urolithiasis.
No matter how dangerous urolithiasis isin cats, treating it can be effective if you contact your doctor in a timely manner. The owner should closely monitor his pet: if the animal often sits in the tray, long there sits, often licking the hole of the urethra, sitting down in the wrong places and urinating in small portions, if there is blood in the urine, while the appetite worsens, these symptoms should immediately alert the owner. Sometimes with the disease there is a complete absence of urination, which is fraught with urinary peritonitis. At occurrence of even some of these signs it is necessary, without delay, to carry the favorite to the veterinarian.
First of all, the doctor must eliminate the blockage. For this, the veterinarian first gently presses on the bladder. Sometimes this procedure helps, however, most often there is a need to install a catheter. This is a rather painful process, requiring sedation of the animal, and sometimes carried out under anesthesia. In most cases, the procedure is successful, but with an unsuccessful catheterization, the pet needs an emergency operation.
That urolithiasis in cats does not lead todeath, in no case can not treat the pet yourself. Do not try to massage the bladder or install the catheter yourself. Also, do not give diuretic drugs. Treatment should be under the strict supervision of a specialist. Only he, and not neighbors, friends or relatives, is able to provide expert assistance to your pet.