UNECE will help us to establish cooperation in Europe
Almost immediately after the Second World War, in 1947, by decision of the UN Economic and Social Committee, the UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) was established, along with four other regional organizations for Africa, Latin America, Asia and the Pacific, and Western Asia. The main goal of the creation of the commission was pan-European economic integration.
Although the commission is called European, the members of the UNECE, except for European countries, are Transcaucasian countries (Azerbaijan, Georgia and Armenia), Central Asian countries (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan), the USA, Canada and Israel. Initially, the commission was engaged in the post-war reconstruction of the European economy, so it included European and North American countries. In 1991, the CIS countries and Israel accepted the commission. Now the commission consists of 56 states.
However, any country can take part in the work of the commission if it is a member of the UN. 70 international, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations cooperate with the UNECE. In particular, the commission actively cooperates in various programs with the European Union. The commission’s work covers 20% of the world’s population. The organization includes both the richest countries and countries with relatively low levels of development. This, on the one hand, complicates the work, since the needs of countries differ markedly, on the other hand, it provides an opportunity to learn from the experience of more developed countries, and less developed countries almost guarantee technical assistance.
The UNECE sessions are held every two years in Geneva, where the headquarters of the organization is located. In between sessions, the management is carried out by the Executive Committee. Seven sectoral committees carry out practical activities that deal with issues of ecology, trade, economic integration, energy, transport and forest.
The work of the commission is provided by the ECE secretariat, which is headed by the Executive Secretary.Citizens of practically all member countries work in committees.
Areas of activity
The activities of the Economic Commission for Europe cover almost all aspects of the economic activities of countries, including the promotion of economic relations, trade and scientific and technical cooperation.
The UNECE implements programs for the development of energy, transport, agriculture, some industries, environmental protection. Much analytical work is carried out on the collection and analysis of economic and technological information, which is then used by the countries included in the commission. A significant part of the work falls on the work on certification and development of UNECE rules and standards. The Commission develops a large amount of international legal documents aimed at promoting economic growth, innovative development and improving the competitiveness of the countries of the region. Special importance is attached to the strengthening of integration processes, the commission cooperates with various intergovernmental organizations, including the EurAsEC, the Customs Union of Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan, the European Union and the CIS.
Standards and regulations
The development of materials and documents on the removal of barriers to trade between countries, the simplification of international trade procedures, the harmonization of technical regulations and standards is carried out by the Committee on Trade Opportunities and Standards. The main work is carried out on the development of commercial standards for e-commerce and agriculture. ECE standards are aimed at stimulating innovative production, improving product quality, and protecting consumer rights. Standards are applied at the international level by governments, international organizations and directly participants in export-import operations. The use is voluntary. Part of the developed norms is called the UNECE Regulations, which countries can include in their legislation. For example, in Russia, some rules are included in the GOST.
The UNECE strategy is aimed at creating an enabling legal, regulatory and institutional environment, expanding economic cooperation in the region. An important tool of the commission’s work is the SPECA assistance program for the post-Soviet countries of Central Asia,Azerbaijan and Afghanistan to strengthen subregional cooperation and the integration of these countries into the world economy. In particular, the program brought together countries to share water resources and create electronic data corridors. In almost all areas of activity, one of the main tools is targeted programs, for example, to counteract air pollution, optimize the use of water resources and reduce procedural and regulatory barriers.