Types, causes and symptoms of stomatitis in adults

Stomatitis is an inflammation of the oral mucosa. Currently, the mechanism of occurrence of this disease is not fully identified. This disease is quite common, but its correct diagnosis is sometimes difficult.

symptoms of stomatitisCauses of stomatitis in adults:

The causes of the inflammatory process may be completely different factors. For example, those that act locally directly on the oral mucosa or result from any diseases occurring in the body.

Causes and symptoms of stomatitis due to local effects:

Such inflammation is formed under the influence of any external factor. An example would be chemical, thermal or radiation injury. In this case, various reddening, erosion or sores occur on the mucous membrane (cheeks, gums, tongue, palate).

Causes and symptoms of stomatitis due to illness:

Quite often, this little nuisance is a common symptom of a disease. Such diseases include problems with the gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular system, allergic reactions. The causes of stomatitis also include weakening of the immune system, metabolic disorders, etc. In this case, the type and intensity of the spread of ulcers and redness in the oral cavity depends entirely on what stage of development this or that disease is.

Causes and symptoms of stomatitis due to dental problems:

symptoms of stomatitis in adults

As a rule, this is the most common version of why a person has ulcers and erosion on mucous membranes. In this case, dentists recommend their patients to observe oral hygiene. It is also worth noting that in some situations, stomatitis occurs as a result of injuries to the mucous membrane, which were formed as a result of non-professional manipulations performed by doctors (in this case, dentists), the use of dissimilar metals in prosthetics and treatment, and the ingress of chemical substances to the mucosa.

Types and symptoms of stomatitis in adults

Depending on the clinical manifestation, mucosal inflammation in the oral cavity is divided into the following types:

  • ulcers;
  • catarrhal;
  • aphthous.

Ulcerative symptoms of stomatitis

Such a disease can also develop independently, against the background of some common diseases, and be an advanced form of catarrhal stomatitis. In this inflammation affects the entire thickness of the oral mucosa. The initial signs are a slight fever, weakness, headaches, swollen lymph nodes. Food intake is difficult due to pain in the mouth.

Catarrhal mucosal lesions

causes of stomatitis in adults

Such inflammation is most common in people. In this case, stomatitis affects mainly the upper sections of the oral mucosa. As a result, it becomes edematous, hyperemic, painful, and also becomes covered with white or yellow bloom, a bad breath appears, and the salivation and bleeding of the gums increases.

Aphthous mucosal lesions:

This inflammation is characterized by single or multiple aphthous ulcers (often large and deep).They are oval or round, with pronounced borders in the form of a red narrow border and gray or yellow bloom in the center. This disease begins with indisposition, fever, pain in the mouth at the site of ulceration.

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