The rights of teachers and pupils in school. Does the teacher have the right to put "2", expel the student from the lesson, take the phone? The teacher has no right ...
Every child sooner or later begins to visiteducational institution. The way a student will perceive information and communicate in society, largely depends on the relationship in the school community. Communication between teachers, parents and students is regulated by the law of the Russian Federation "On Education". However, the human factor is also of great importance. A benevolent atmosphere in the classroom or teaching staff will only contribute to the development of children in the educational institution. What are the rights of teachers of parents and students worth paying attention to? What are the responsibilities of the participants in the learning process? We will analyze everything in order.
What rights does the teacher have?
In order for the teacher to be availableform to convey information to children, all necessary conditions must be created for him. All the rights of teachers must be respected by an educational institution. Each specialist, entering the workplace, can count on a quality workplace, as well as favorable conditions. Each school must comply with labor protection. But to save health, unfortunately, can not always. Working with children requires a lot of energy and energy. It is no accident that the rights of the teacher in the school also concern medical care. Each teacher can ask for help from a local doctor. They also have the right to free food in the conditions of an educational institution.
Each teacher has the right to respect, protectionhonor and dignity. The specialist can count on the protection of his professional interests. If the school does not comply with the law, the teacher has the right to seek assistance from the appropriate authority. In this case, both moral and material assistance is possible.
Qualitatively provide information to studentsthe teacher will be able only if there is appropriate methodological literature. Therefore, the school must provide the specialist with all necessary textbooks. However, the teacher does not have the right to demand the necessary books from students and parents. Ensuring a normal learning process is the task of an educational institution.
Teacher is an equal participant in allprocesses that occur in an educational institution. Therefore, each specialist has the right to express an opinion on the adoption of school regulations and laws. In this respect, the rights of the teacher and the student are interrelated. Also, specially selected participants of school committees can participate in general education meetings.
What does the teacher have to do?
Every specialist before applying for a jobshould study not only the rights of teachers, but also duties. First of all, each participant in the educational process is required to comply with the school's charter, act according to the internal labor regulations, fulfill all the documentary requirements of the administration that comply with the current legislation. The teacher, who conducts the lesson, is responsible for the life and health of the children in the class. The specialist provides protection of life and health of each of them. Therefore, before starting the training process, it is worth familiarizing yourself with the safety requirements and signing the relevant documentation.
The teacher is responsible for the safety of the schoolproperty. Each specialist during the training should provide information to the children not only on the main subject, but also on issues related to responsibility for school equipment. The question arises: Does the teacher have the right to expel the student from the lesson? If the child intentionally behaves in an inappropriate way, the teacher is obliged to inform the higher leadership about this. But it is absolutely impossible to drive a child out of the class, even if he specially spoils school property or performs actions that threaten the life and health of other students.
The rights of teachers at school are primarily related to theproviding a quality educational process. Therefore, each specialist must timely pass the certification and improve their level of qualification. Together with this the teacher is guaranteed a material reward. The higher the qualification level, the higher the pay. Each teacher can count on the thirteenth salary, if he fulfills his duties qualitatively.
What rights do parents have?
The rights of the teacher and student are discussed in the firstqueue. It is teachers and students who are the main objects of the educational process. However, underage children can not be held accountable for their actions under the law. Therefore, parents or guardians also involuntarily enter the educational process. They have the right to demand from the administration of the educational institution to ensure a quality educational process. Only thanks to this, children will be able to get full knowledge from teachers. In addition, parents have the right to demand from teachers and the administration compliance with safety requirements, as well as sanitary and hygienic regime.
Within the walls of the school the main duties,related to the education of children, fall on the shoulders of specialists. At home, parents should help the child to consolidate the material they have covered. The teacher has no right to refuse to the mother or father in providing relevant methodological literature. If the specialists and parents act together, the student will be able to perceive new information much faster.
Each school often hosts concerts andother entertainment activities. Parents have the right to participate in them. You can visit these events for free. Various concerts and competitions only contribute to the unity of the school team. Moms and dads can also take part in organizing various events.
Parents have the right to create variousfinancial funds to improve the educational process. The collected money can be used to pay for extra-curricular activities, excursions, repairs in classrooms.
Duties of parents
No matter how hard the teacher tries, the child willit is normal to perceive information only if the family has a healthy atmosphere. Therefore, some duties are also parents. Moms and dads should monitor the physical and psychological health of the child. Control of homework is also the responsibility of parents. This is especially important for those children who are just beginning to attend an educational institution. If you deal with the child qualitatively for several years, in the future, he will be able to perform tasks independently.
The rights of the teacher in the school relate not only toeducational subjects, but also education of the children respect for socially useful work, norms of behavior. However, the parents' opinion for each child is authoritative. Therefore, moms and dads are obliged from early childhood to tell the children what is good and what is bad. If the father does not respect the mother in the family, raises his hand and uses obscene vocabulary, it is easy to predict how the child will behave. At the same time, the school is unlikely to be able to influence the situation.
What rights do the students have?
Every child has the right in the first placereceive a comprehensive education that fully meets the requirements of society. Qualitative study of basic subjects makes it possible to enter a prestigious higher educational institution and find its place in life. A child who studies well at school, without problems, will decide on the future profession, will find a common language with people from different social groups. The educational process will proceed favorably if the student respects the rights of the teacher at the lesson. Mutual understanding is the main criterion of quality communication between the teacher and the student.
Every child has a different tendency toexact and humanitarian sciences. One student is better given mathematics and physics, the other is history and literature. At the same time, the child has the right to display his knowledge at various competitions, olympiads and shows. To take part in competitions the child can in accordance with its capabilities. If the student does not possess the relevant knowledge, he has the right to refuse to participate in the contest or olympiad.
Popular today use profileeducational establishments. Here, the training is conducted in a general education program, but more attention is paid to certain subjects. The most demanded are schools with in-depth study of English or mathematics. In such institutions, the rights of primary school teachers are not limited to the conduct of theoretical studies. Teachers also conduct practical exercises with the children. In gymnasiums and lyceums, children have the right to independently choose the profile of education in the established order. Often, this decision is made in conjunction with the parents.
Teacher's rights deserve special attentionphysical education, as well as the student in the relevant classes. The specialist performs his work for the overall development of the children. It should be borne in mind that each student has his own degree of physical training. The child has the right not to perform this or that exercise, if it contributes to the deterioration of well-being. But you can completely abandon physical education only on the basis of medical certificate.
Duties of students
Children at school have not only rights, but also their ownduties. First of all, they must diligently study and fulfill all the requirements of teachers in accordance with the regulations of the school and the law of the Russian Federation. Students are required to behave roughly not only in school, but also in public places. If the child breaks the order in the street, this will be known not only by the parents, but also by the administration of the educational institution. Does the teacher have the right to expel the child from the lesson for bad behavior? The answer is unequivocal: the teacher has no such right. The teacher is obliged to provide information about the behavior of the student to the director or the head of the school. The school board decides on penalties. If a child systematically violates school regulations, and his behavior is unsatisfactory, he may be expelled from the school.
Pupils should take care of the schoolproperty, as well as to the subjects of other students. Be sure to follow the rules of personal hygiene. The child should come to school neatly dressed. In many educational institutions, students of the senior classes with decorative cosmetics are not allowed to take lessons. The school regulations may also prohibit informal hairstyles for boys and girls. The child must comply with the worthy title of pupil of the general educational institution.
Every child should usefullyfree time. This concept includes homework, self-education, reading of fiction. Visiting circles and sports sections is optional, but welcome.
What grades does the teacher have the right to put?
Any school is created first of all,to teach children general education subjects. The evaluation system serves as an indicator that shows the level of knowledge of each individual child. Does the teacher have the right to put "2"? If the pupil shows bad knowledge, the teacher may well put such an assessment. And this is not done at all in order to shame the child. Bad evaluation is a signal to the action of the parents. If a child regularly gets a deuce, mom and dad should pay attention to doing homework. Perhaps it makes sense to work with the teacher in addition.
In domestic schools use a five-pointsystem. The score "5" is the highest and is set if the student shows excellent knowledge. Along with this, the assessment of "1" in the training practice is practically not used. The deuce is the lowest, which is set when the child does not know the subject at all. A student who regularly receives bad grades in basic subjects can be left by the school administration for a second year. This means that the training program will have to be retried.
Are paid educational services lawful?
If the child does not understand this or that subject, hecan work with the teacher in addition, on a fee basis. Such services are legitimate if the parents pay tuition for the official account in the school, and the tax is deducted from the specialist's salary. What rights does the teacher have in this area? Each specialist has the right to conduct additional classes on a paid basis both in the educational institution and at home. At the same time, all services should be provided in accordance with the legislative base of the Russian Federation. Tutors who work illegally risk losing their main place of work.
Private schools deserve special attention. The entire educational process is carried out on a fee basis. Parents monthly contribute a certain amount to the fund of the institution. This money goes to the maintenance of the institution, the payment of wages to teachers and administration, the acquisition of methodological literature. Often in such institutions only teachers with a high level of qualification work. And the guys have the opportunity to study in comfortable classrooms. It is not by chance that many well-off parents prefer private schools to state educational institutions.
A private school is a registered company,which has its own account in a financial institution. All manipulations with money are made through the cashier. Educational services are provided completely legally. The firm pays taxes to the state. A properly registered private school provides its graduates with a state certificate.
Answers to questions of concern
Should the student sit in the gym, ifhe is exempt from physical education? Medical certificate is issued in the first place so that the child does not show physical activity. Exemption from the lesson as such is not prescribed by the doctor. A student must be in a physical education class. Attendance at this time is necessary in a sportive manner. How will an assessment be made to such a student? If a child can not take sports standards for health reasons, he can write an essay on one of the sports topics. Help is not an excuse for missing classes in physical education. The absence of a child at the lesson is recorded as absenteeism.
Do teachers have to deal withlagging guys? If the student has missed classes by illness, he will not be able to properly perceive the material in the future. To repeat the information for the sake of one student the teacher is unlikely to be. There remains only way out - additional classes. Doing with a lagging child or not, each teacher decides on his own. The fact is that such classes are not paid for specialists. Each teacher has the right to refuse parents the request for individual education. Together with this, the teacher is obliged to provide methodological literature for self-education. In addition, you can use the help of a tutor.
Does the teacher have the right to pick up the phone ortablet in the child? The teacher can not manage the personal belongings of children who attend general education institutions. Along with this, phones, tablets and other gadgets often distract the guys from the learning process. Therefore, the school regulations may prohibit the use of such items during the lessons. If the child regularly violates the regulations of the educational institution, it can be excluded.
A normal educational process can beis provided only if the children, teachers and parents interact in a quality manner. Does the teacher have the right to expel the child from the class, can the student miss lessons without documentary confirmation - all of these issues are met by the RF law "On Education". But there are also unspoken laws concerning mutual understanding, support and good-natured communication in the team. The educational process will be held at a high level, if not only at home, but in the school there will be a healthy psychological atmosphere.