Sore arm: causes, possible illnesses and treatment
No matter how sad it is, today not many people pay proper attention to their own health. Hands allow a person to perform absolutely all daily tasks, so when they start to hurt, this not only brings a certain discomfort to his life, but also greatly reduces labor productivity. The causes of discomfort in the upper limbs can be quite a lot: various diseases of bone and muscle tissue, tendons, joints, and others. Therefore, if you are faced with a similar problem, it is very important to understand as soon as possible why your hands hurt, and also to begin proper treatment. After all, any ailment is much easier to cure in the initial stages, and even a slight delay can result in very serious consequences.
All human diseases can be divided into two main types - local and global.The first appear in one place, and the second bind the whole organism. At the same time, complex illnesses, as a rule, strike the weakest parts of the body, one of which is the upper limbs. Modern medicine knows a huge number of ailments, which are not connected with the hands, but are accompanied by strong pain in them. To get rid of discomfort, first of all it is necessary to identify and eliminate its cause.
According to medical specialists, if a person has a bad hand, then the following may be behind it:
- inflammation of the muscles of the cervical region;
- various pathologies and intervertebral disc displacement;
- problems with the shoulder joints;
- diseases of the cardiovascular system;
- neck and spinal injuries;
- damage to internal organs.
In addition, if you have pain in your arms and legs, this can be a sign of the presence of various diseases of the upper and lower extremities. Most often they manifest themselves in old age, however, due to various reasons, they are often subject to the younger generation.
Pain in the joints of the upper limbs
Let's dwell on this in more detail. As the statistics show, in most cases, discomfort is manifested precisely in the joints of the bones. As a rule, hand joints hurt due to various diseases. Only a profiled specialist can determine the exact ailment after a full examination of the patient, but you can try to make an approximate diagnosis, focusing on the nature, nature and localization of pain.
If discomfort is manifested in the area of the hands, then it can be caused by the following ailments:
- Rheumatoid arthritis. It has a chronic nature and pronounced symptoms. Attacks of pain, as a rule, occur with a certain cyclical nature and have an average intensity.
- Gout. A very serious disease that is accompanied by simply unbearable pain in the joints. In most cases, it is not possible to relieve the patient’s well-being, even with the help of painkillers. Developed due to impaired metabolic processes and an increase in the content of uric acid in soft tissues.
- Osteoarthritis. This disease very often explains why the joints of the hands hurt.The illness in most cases makes itself felt in old age, but it is very often manifested in people who are actively involved in sports. The discomfort that arises in a degenerative-dystrophic disease is periodic in nature and is not very pronounced.
- Infectious arthritis. The disease is associated with inflammation of the joints, which can be caused by various bacteria, viruses and parasites. At the same time, the painful sensations are constant, and also aggravated during sleep.
If you have pain in the joints of your hands, treatment should be started immediately, since any of the above sicknesses can lead to very serious complications. Therefore, it is not recommended to delay too much with a visit to the doctor.
Discomfort in the fingers
Very often, not only hurts, but also fingers. The fact is that they are very fragile, therefore they are subject to increased wear and injury. In addition, there are a number of diseases that affect them.
Among the most common are the following:
- Raynaud's syndrome. Associated with damage to the arteries and arterioles. Accompanied by a violation of the blood circulation of the upper extremities, with the result that the fingers begin to grow numb and from time to time to hurt.
- Polyostereoarthrosis.It is one of the most common ailments that cause discomfort in the area of the fingers. Attacks are simply intolerable, and the patient is experiencing an unbearable burning sensation.
- Psoriasis. The clinical manifestations of proriatic arthritis are reddening and severe swelling of the fingers. Patients disrupt the metabolism in the soft tissues, as a result of which there is increased wear of the joints, accompanied by pain in the fingers.
In the early stages, all these ailments do not appear too pronounced. However, in the absence of proper treatment, they progress, with the result that people can experience not only discomfort in their fingers, but they also have a whole hand ache. If the disease becomes chronic, then in this case it will be impossible to completely cure it.
Discomfort in the shoulder joint
This issue should be given special attention. One of the most complex parts of the human skeleton is the shoulder, which is why it is most susceptible to injuries and various diseases that can be accompanied by pronounced discomfort.
If your arm hurts from shoulder to elbow, then it can be caused by the following ailments:
- Tyndinitis is an inflammation of bone and soft tissues, accompanied by tendon dystrophy. When it flows, mobility and functionality of the upper extremities deteriorate significantly. Unpleasant sensations are pronounced, especially at night.
- Bursitis. The pain is aching in nature, and in the region of the shoulder joint there is swelling and swelling. It is almost impossible to move a hand and perform any actions for it.
- Injuries of a different nature. Hurt the shoulder is very simple. Many people, especially professional athletes, regularly experience fractures and sprains of the muscles, causing them to hurt and numb.
- Capsule This disease is caused by a diffuse lesion of the synovial membrane and the capsule of the shoulder joint. The discomfort in this case is of a periodic nature of medium intensity. Inflammatory processes in most cases are not observed.
- Arthritis. This disease often occurs together with other ailments, which cause damage to the soft and bone tissues of the upper extremities.Despite the fact that the pain is quiet and dull, the mobility of the hands is significantly deteriorated.
- Arthrosis Observed stiffness. In the early stages of the disease, there is no particular discomfort, but as the disease progresses, the discomfort becomes acute.
- Reactive polyarthritis. If the arm hurts from the shoulder along the entire length, and there is also a burning sensation in the joints, then most likely the patient has this particular disease. In addition, there are cases of numbness and atrophy of muscle tissue.
- Neuritis. Sometimes it happens that pain is caused not by wear and tear of the joints, but by inflammatory processes in the brachial nerve and anatomical structures. In this case, the discomfort makes itself felt not too often, but at the same time it has pronounced symptoms.
This is only a small part of the diseases that can make themselves felt as strong pain in the shoulder joint. At the same time, you should understand that each particular ailment requires individual therapy, therefore it is not recommended to self-medicate at home. Only a profiled specialist after a comprehensive examination of the patient can select the appropriate treatment program.
So, what you need to know about it? The pain in the elbows is very common, and it faces a huge number of people of different age categories.
It can be caused by the following diseases:
- Epicondylitis. This ailment is one of the most frequently diagnosed. When it pain in the joints most often manifests itself after intense physical exertion. The mobility of the upper limbs is partially disturbed.
- Arthrosis Unpleasant sensations make themselves felt when moving the affected hand. There are no pronounced clinical manifestations. Discomfort occurs when moving a limb. In the later stages of the disease, there is swelling and softening of the bones, resulting in an increased risk of injury.
- Arthritis. It is dangerous because it affects not only the elbow, but also the adjacent joints, because of which people have a pain in the arm from the very shoulder to the hand. This increases the temperature of the affected limb, and there is also a strong swelling.
It is worth noting that discomfort in the elbow joint can be caused by problems associated with both soft tissues and cartilage, and bones.
Problems with internal organs causing discomfort in the hand
As mentioned earlier, the discomfort in the upper limbs can be caused not only by problems in the joints, but also by diseases of the internal organs.
If the right hand hurts, it can be a sign of the following ailments:
- angina pectoris;
- aortic aneurysm
- myocardial infarction;
- brain stroke;
- peripheral nerve damage;
- spinal disorders;
- neurotic disorder.
In all these cases, no doctor will be able to make an accurate diagnosis, so a comprehensive examination and the passage of many laboratory tests are required.
Prerequisites for going to the doctor
Most people, if they have a sore arm, do not attach much importance to this, believing that the discomfort is caused by ordinary stretching or overwork. However, many are trying to solve the problem of various warming ointments. However, self-medication can not only bring no result, but even aggravate the patient's condition. Therefore, if the attacks of pain will be pronounced, as well as reduced mobility of the hand, you should immediately consult a doctor.
The main methods of therapy
If the arm hurts, the orthopedic specialist can prescribe the treatment, and only after he has the results of all necessary examinations. The treatment program is selected individually for each patient, based on the clinical picture, features and stage of the disease and other factors. Most often prescribed medication. Doctors resort to surgical operations only if the patient has not been treated in hospital for a long time, and the ailment has had time to develop into a very complex form. In this case, the patient may be under the supervision of several specialists at once, for example, a surgeon and a cardiologist. It all depends on the specific disease and what caused it. Treatment can be carried out as an outpatient or inpatient. In very difficult cases, such as myocardial infarction or cerebral stroke, immediate hospitalization is required.
Dietary advice for pain in the upper limbs
For a more successful treatment and a speedy recovery, in addition to the main program of therapy prescribed by the doctor, the patient is also recommended to follow a special diet.It is very important to eat as many healthy foods as possible, rich in vitamins and minerals, especially calcium.
If joints are damaged, nutritionists recommend including the following in your daily diet:
- cartilaginous and bone decoction;
- bone flour;
- red fish;
- linseed oil;
- fish fat;
- various cereals.
It is also advisable to drink daily as much as possible of ordinary drinking water. With regard to prohibited foods, it is recommended to abandon coffee, sweet, fatty fried foods, salt and alcohol. In addition, it is better to refrain from smoking, because the tar and acids contained in tobacco, have a negative impact on the whole body.
The pain in the joints of the upper limbs can be caused by a huge number of problems, some of which pose a great threat to human health and life. Therefore, do not ignore even small bouts of aching pain. Also, one should not try to cure by folk methods, since many pathologies require complex therapy, which should be carried out under strict medical supervision. Do not be careless about your health.Faced with any problems, immediately contact the profiled specialists for help. Take care of your health under any circumstances!