Cases where one of the children is constantly under attack from peers are well known to both teachers and parents. British scientists have found that the traces of these "childish pranks" can occur even 40 years later.
Bulling (from eng.bullyingbully- bully, threaten, intimidate) - so psychologists call the phenomenon when one of the team members, often at school, is harassed by others and cannot protect themselves. Researchers at King’s College in London found out that victims of school bullying have problems with their physical and mental health in adulthood. These findings are based on data from the British National Child Development Study, which monitors children born in England, Scotland and Wales for one week in 1958. This cohort study at the first stage included more than 17 thousand children. Assessment of the health and development of children was carried out at the age of 7, 11 and 16 years, and then continued to monitor them as they grew up at 23, 33, 42, 45 and 50 years.
The results of the research concerning bullying are published inAmerican Journal of PsychiatryThey are based on data on 7771 children. When these children were 7 and 11 years old, their parents who reported that children were under attack at school. In the future, their health was observed up to 50 years. Dr. Ryu Takizawa from the Institute of Psychiatry at King’s College, London, notes that the negative effects of bullying are visible four decades later and include health effects, as well as economic and social consequences.
Those who were persecuted in their childhood were more likely to have problems with physical and mental health and learning abilities at the age of 50. They increased the risk of depression, anxiety, suicidal thoughts. The victims of school bullying are characterized by lower levels of education and wages, higher risk of unemployment. Social connections also suffer, survey participants more often talk about dissatisfaction with life. The negative effect of bullying persists, even taking into account other factors, such as IQ, emotional and behavioral problems, social and economic status of parents.
It is estimated that in the UK now 28% of children are harassed at school from time to time and 15% often.
Professor Louis Arseno of the Royal College Institute of Psychiatry believes that we must abandon the notion that peer attacks are an inevitable component of adulthood. Teachers, parents, and school programmers need to understand that what happens in the schoolyard can have lasting consequences.