question about cars. Explain please what is the DELAY, REDUCED transmission, DIFFERENTIAL, LOCK?

question about cars. Explain please what is the DELAY, REDUCED transmission, DIFFERENTIAL, LOCK?

  1. how old are you? that you write like that, in my opinion it's time for you to go to school, and at a physics class in 5 class,
  2. Have you disabled Wikipedia? Download the book of Lavrentiev "Driving cars of high cross-country ability". There, the sun is described in detail.
    I explain the language in an accessible way.
    Hand-out is a device for turning on a low gear.
    Now the very low gear. Here take 2 gears (I hope you know what it is). If they have the same number of teeth, then both of them will spin at the same speed, and the torque (rotation force, shorter) will also be the same. If the one for which the twist, the teeth will be larger, then the second will spin faster, but, with the force y will not be less. It will be a boost gear. If the first teeth are smaller, then the second will rotate slowly, but with great force. This is a reduced gear, it is needed to transfer a large torque and a small speed of rotation to the wheels to allow the all-terrain vehicle to move along dirt and snow, without slippage.
    Differential. This device, which allows the leading wheels to spin at different speeds. In the rotation of the wheel, a different path is made, so they must rotate at different speeds, otherwise the machine will go badly into the turn.
    A differential lock is a device that both blocks the differential and causes the cocks to rotate at the same speed. The fact is that if one wheel is in the mud and generally on a slippery surface, then because of the work of the differential it will only spin, and the second will stand still. Therefore, on all-terrain vehicles do locks.
  3. The transfer box is an aggregate, akin to the gearbox, which distributes the forces from the main gear to individual driving elements (bridges, wheels).
    Reduced gear - the inclusion in the gearbox of low gear (say first) and transmitting its torque, by means of a transfer box to all driving axles of gears with reduced torque and with the proper torsional force due to the gears of the boxes.
    Differential mechanism in the bridge, which transmits the twisting force coming from the box transmitting, by means of a cardan or a shaft, to the axis of the wheel with different torque.
    Locking there is an aggregate with a differential and transmitting gears - a bridge. It blocks the spontaneous rotation of the axles of the wheel drive separately and causes them to spin, not without the aid of a differential, with one torque, equally with the same speed of rotation and with equal force.
    Uf. This is in your own words, so do not blame me if you made a mistake in the definitions
  4. The dispenser is a device that SPLINS the torque to the front and rear axles from the gearbox. On the SUVs, this is usually what this is all about. But on serious off-road cars there is still a downshift and a differential lock. Now about them. The downshift is actually another gearbox, only with two gears - low and high. Um .... Well, roughly speaking, under normal conditions, it's like .... second gear. Well, or straight, that is, with what speed the output shaft of the gearbox rotates, with the same - and the cardans that come out of it (well, or the plus or minus is slightly different, depending on which model the car is). In severe conditions, the downshift is switched on - well, as if the first one. Accordingly, the engine is easier to turn the wheels, but the speed, respectively, is less.
    Further - the differential. There are on all cars in the LEADING bridge - independently front, rear, or all-wheel drive. Roughly speaking (very rude!), This device, which turns off the wheel, which is harder to turn - this is necessary in the turn, for example, when turning to the right, then the right wheel should spin more slowly, and the left wheel - faster. Naturally, if they were rigidly connected, then either the right was turned, or in especially severe cases, the bridges would have broken down. And so - the differential turns off the right wheel - everything is fine. But it's bad in the mud. That is, the wheel is one on the dry, and the other in the mud and slips. That's what's on the dry, he would have twisted from the engine to pull the car - and the differential cut it off. That's why there is a differential lock - when it rigidly connects both wheels and they rotate both. differential.
    SUVs that have a permanent all-wheel drive have another interaxle lock - that is, one that disconnects, in turn, bridges that are harder to rotate. Well, respectively, the blocking of the interaxle differential distributes the force on them in half. As an example - the field, there in the transfer case is just all three functions - and the distribution of effort on the bridges, and downshift, and locking the interaxle differential.
    At UAZ, for example, in distribution another design. There is a downshift. But there is no differential - the mechanism rigidly connects the front axle, and it needs to be done only in the mud, otherwise rubber wear and other delights. And on the highway it is rear-wheel drive, it does not need a differential in the distribution.

    something like that.. .

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Question about cars. Explain please what is the DELAY, REDUCED transmission, DIFFERENTIAL, LOCK Question about cars. Explain please what is the DELAY, REDUCED transmission, DIFFERENTIAL, LOCK Question about cars. Explain please what is the DELAY, REDUCED transmission, DIFFERENTIAL, LOCK Question about cars. Explain please what is the DELAY, REDUCED transmission, DIFFERENTIAL, LOCK Question about cars. Explain please what is the DELAY, REDUCED transmission, DIFFERENTIAL, LOCK Question about cars. Explain please what is the DELAY, REDUCED transmission, DIFFERENTIAL, LOCK Question about cars. Explain please what is the DELAY, REDUCED transmission, DIFFERENTIAL, LOCK Question about cars. Explain please what is the DELAY, REDUCED transmission, DIFFERENTIAL, LOCK Question about cars. Explain please what is the DELAY, REDUCED transmission, DIFFERENTIAL, LOCK Question about cars. Explain please what is the DELAY, REDUCED transmission, DIFFERENTIAL, LOCK