Muscari: landing and departure (photo). Features of growing
One of the most beautiful and popular types of plants for decorating garden plots is Muscari. Planting and caring for this flower is not a big deal. If you follow certain rules, you can get an excellent result both in the garden and at home. Indoor floriculture is popular in many countries of the world. Growing muscari on a windowsill or balcony is not too burdensome. Long flowering will delight with gorgeous flowers and delicate musky aroma.
Muscari (see photo below) has a very wide area of distribution around the globe. It prefers to grow on the slopes of the mountains, forest edges, on the alpine meadows. It can be found in the steppe regions of Europe, Asia, and North Africa.
There are about 60 types of flower. On their basis, cultivated varieties, widely used horticulture. Not paid attention to them and indoor floriculture.Many varieties grow well at home.
Muscari has several other names: squirting onions, mouse hyacinth. It belongs to the family of hyacinth, a genus of bulbous. This is a perennial herb. Depending on the variety, heights range from 3 to 30 cm. Almost all bred species are decorative.
Bottom leaves in an amount of from 2 to 6 pieces grow to 10-15 cm. The flowers are in the form of kegs or tubular, small. Consist of six tightly fused petals. The color is different, from white to deep purple, there are combined colors: dark blue and white.
The flowers are gathered in a raceme-shaped, dense, apical inflorescences up to 8 cm long. The number of flowers varies depending on the species: from a few to a few dozen. The aroma is strong and pleasant, reminiscent of musk, but much more tender.
The fruit is a winged three-fold angular box. Seeds are wrinkled, small, black, rounded. Do not lose the ability to germinate throughout the year.
Muscari flowers can have a different color, it depends on the plant variety. Consider the most popular:
- Muscari Armenian:
- the number of leaves - 3-7;
- height - up to 20 cm;
- color of buds - deep blue, and at the edges framing with a thin white stripe;
- flowering time - about three weeks, from the end of May.
2. Muscari pale:
- The number of leaves - 2-3;
- height - up to 30 cm;
- color of buds - pale blue;
- flowering time - about three weeks, from mid-May.
3. Muscari grozdavidny:
- The number of leaves - 2-6;
- height - up to 25 cm;
- color of buds - dark blue or white;
- flowering time - up to three weeks, in early May.
4. Muscari racemes:
- the number of leaves - 6;
- height - up to 30 cm;
- color of buds - deep dark blue;
- flowering time - about three weeks, from the first half of May.
5. Muscari broadleaf:
- The number of leaves - up to 4;
- height - up to 20 cm;
- the color of the buds is dark purple, one third at the top has lighter corollas;
- flowering time - about four weeks, from mid-May.
Muscari bulbs begin to be planted in late August or early September. Choose a sunny place, you can with a little shading. It must be sublime to avoid stagnation of water. Too much moisture will cause the bulbs to rot. Gravel is often used as drainage.
The soil should be loose, in no case clay. In such a plant will not take root.Before planting, the soil must be fertilized with humus or compost. Top dressing will strengthen young shoots and ensure the appearance of large and bright flowers.
For planting pre-selected healthy onion muscari. Planting and care are simple. Make a trench to a depth of 8 cm. At a distance of 6-10 cm bulbs are planted and sprinkled with earth. If the planting material is very shallow, then the planting depth is reduced to 3 cm, and the distance between the onions - to 2 cm.
In order for plants to grow and develop well, they will need help at first. It consists in weeding the flower beds from weeds.
Muscari can be propagated and seeds. They mature only in the lower flowers. They are collected on the already faded stems of the plant. Seeds are sown to a depth of 1-2 cm in the fall. In the spring there are leaves, they indicate the birth of a new bulb. After a couple of years, flowering will begin.
But it is much simpler to plant onions, and they begin to blossom earlier. In a short period of babies becomes very much. When digging muscari, each gardener decides for himself. You can replant them at any time, including during the flowering period. This should be done carefully, with a large lump of earth, in order to avoid damage to the roots.
These plants are prone to self-seeding.Landing thickening appears after 3-4 years. Thinning is recommended in August-October.
When planting any special dressing is not required. It will be quite enough top dressing in the fall, when digging the soil. Apply about 5 kg of organic fertilizer per square meter.
During the vegetative period, the plant is watered abundantly with warm rain water. The increased humidity at this time is very good for muscari. Planting and care, following it, will not cause much trouble: weeding from weeds and shallow loosening (2-3 cm).
After flowering, muscari do not need watering at all. After a period of flowering, the clusters are cut off. The leaves are left intact, they will help the bulbs gain enough strength to bloom next year.
The plant does not require feeding, pest control. Toxicity perfectly protects it from parasites. There are isolated cases of defeat aphids. Covering for the winter is not necessary, the flowers have good frost resistance.
Flowers in garden design
Bright and varied shades of inflorescences of plants are happy to use landscape designers in the design of gardens.Muscari (photo sample flower beds, see the text) perfectly combined with daffodils and tulips.
Prolonged early spring flowering (some varieties decorate a flower bed for about four weeks) gives vent to the imagination to decorate the site. Experts take into account another feature of different varieties - the beginning of flowering they do not match. With careful selection, you can ensure the beauty of the flower bed for a long time.
They are decorated with alpine slides, borders, compositions of wild stone, around small ponds. Neighborhood with begonias, tricolor violets, lobularia will help to hide the wilting muscari. In one place unpretentious flowers can grow up to 10 years.
Garden on the windowsill
The lack of a summer cottage will not be an obstacle for an amateur grower to grow muscari. Planting and care at home will not cause problems even for beginners.
There are several techniques for obtaining the desired result:
- "Cold preservation" - bulbs before planting in a pot placed in the refrigerator for 3-4 months;
- in pots at the bottom arrange drainage from large pebbles;
- soil take the most fertile and fat;
- plants need sunlight diffused light;
- provide high humidity;
- soil irrigation is carried out as the soil dries;
- for visual effect you need to take flowers in as many pots as possible.