Location of the Malacca Strait on the map. Where is the Strait of Malacca
The unique surface of the earth is dotted with not only numerous rivers and lakes, but also bays and straits that have long been of great importance to human existence. Today we will talk about the location of the Strait of Malacca and its role in the lives of people.
The length indicator of the Malacca Strait is extremely significant: it is as much as 805 km, although its width is much smaller, namely, from 3 to 40 km. It is because of such an unequal ratio of length and width the strait cannot boast of a large area, and its depth, in comparison with oceanic depressions, is completely ridiculous - it is only 105 meters. Anyway, today the role of the Strait of Malacca in the life of a number of countries cannot be underestimated. Indeed, despite such insignificant figures at first glance, they are quite enough for even large sea vessels to sail.
Where is the Strait of Malacca: refer to the map
The strait lies between the Malay Peninsula (also called the Mallak Peninsula, Malaysia) and Fr. Sumatra (Indonesia). The Strait of Malacca connects the Pacific and Indian Oceans.
The northeastern and northern shores of the strait, as well as the islands located near them belong to the Kingdom of Thailand. The remaining shores of the Malacca Strait belong to the island of Malaysia, and the aforementioned island of Sumatra and a group of nearby islands to the state of Indonesia. The strait ends in the South China Sea.
The Strait of Malacca is an important transit point for merchant ships due to the fact that it is the only link between the two major oceans. Here you can find ships that trade between China, Brunei, Vietnam, Indonesia and India, that is, between countries with a high population. About 4 thousand ships pass through the waters of the strait every month, which is a significant figure. in terms of the load on these territories. Therefore, today, active attention is being paid to the issue of creating an alternative path that could reduce the load on the strait.
Navigation is hampered by the fact that the waters are often grounded.You can sit on them not only near the coast, but also in open water space. This is not the worst thing - near the shoal may be located and dangerous for ships reefs, about which the vehicle can simply break into chips.
From the history of the Strait
The Strait of Malacca has long been considered an important element in terms of strategic policy. Traditionally, depending on the time, this Javanese or Malaysian kingdom owned this water neck. XIV century was marked by the fact that the strait passed into the hands of Arab merchants, who created on its shores a number of well-fortified fortresses and trading cities.
Since the XVI century, control over the Strait of Malacca for a long time passed into the hands of European colonialists. In 1511 the Portuguese ruled here, from 1867 until the beginning of the Second World War - the British, who together with him took over Singapore, and Malacca, and Penang. Finally, in 1957, Malaysia gained independence, became an important port and major oil refining center of Singapore, and the famous Strait of Malacca emerged from the shadows.
Surprisingly, the Strait of Malacca hides extremely unstable terrain under its waters.Its entire area belongs to the category of volcanically active, and most of the islands located in the strait are of volcanic origin, such as, for example, Penang, Lankavi, Phuket and others.
Today this zone is politically controversial. Despite the fact that over 50,000 ships transport oil from one corner of the world to another, liquefied natural gas, various types of minerals, such as coal and iron ore, and account for about 30% of world trade and 80% are Japanese, yet no country wants to commit to expanding and deepening the strait. At the same time, the dredging measures of the strait are necessary in order for vessels with a tonnage of 300 thousand tons to pass through it. While it is difficult to come to an agreement, many settlements in the strait zone, for example, Aceh province, located on the Indonesian side, remain unsafe.
Extremely difficult navigation and annual smoke from forest fires on the island of Sumatra, when visibility is reduced to 200 m.
Piracy in the Strait of Malacca also acquired a wide scope, which seems surprising - should it not have remained in the past and remained in people's minds only in the form of terrible tales and legends? It’s not so: a lot of ships that gather in such a narrow place are excellent booty for pirates. Trained bandits, who only live from attack to attack, take unprepared people (mostly traders) off-guard, after which they hide on numerous islands nearby.
Today, the annual amount for which pirates robbed ships amounts to more than 40 billion dollars. At the same time, in the Malacca Strait and the internal seas of Indonesia, both small gangs (about 5 people) are operating, suddenly attacking with pistols and knives, as well as entire pirated communities (up to 30 people), and followers of international organized terrorist groups who rob ships, carrying the most valuable goods and products (this mainly includes petroleum products). Today, the Strait’s territory accounts for about 30% of the total world piracy, although since 2005 the Maritime Bureau has been established here, which, through patrols, has gradually reduced the threat of attack by bandits.
Whimsical flora and fauna of the strait
What does the Strait of Malacca hide in its waters? Sharks, turtles, rays, various fish - these creatures have chosen unique coral reefs, which are represented here in the amount of 36 species unlike each other. Here on the rocky ledges formed whole colonies.
The Strait of Malacca (the island of Sulawesi can serve as evidence of this) also has a beneficial effect on the climate, the nature of the land washed by it, and provides a large number of activities for tourists: scuba diving, snorkeling, etc.
However, a person needs to be extremely cautious about this territory, because in some places, the width of the strait, which resembles a bottleneck, can pose a real threat to the environment. A Danish tanker called “Maersk Navigator” sank in this zone in 1993, and therefore oil was discharged to the representatives of the animal and plant world oil. The negative consequences of this incident are not completely exhausted right up to the present.