Ilya Repin: historical paintings, portraits, ceremonial canvases
One of the most famous Russian artists is Ilya Repin. Paintings of the painter gained recognition not only in our country, but also abroad. The author has created many wonderful canvases of diverse content. At the same time, he always tried to show the actual problems of contemporary reality to him. Even in plots on historical themes, he always sought to bring the depicted scenes closer to the viewer.
Brief description of creativity
Ilya Repin, whose paintings deservedly entered the golden fund of national painting, always remained a realist. At the same time, he was open to everything new: he was interested in a wide variety of artistic styles: from painting Dutch artists of the 17th century to the achievements of the contemporary impressionists.
However, he himself consistently adhered to the principle of simplicity, realism and authenticity.The artist has always avoided any frills, preferring simplicity and clarity of subjects. He did not experiment with colors; on the contrary, he painted objects in the way they seemed to his imagination. These principles he outlined in the work “Far near”.
"Barge Haulers on the Volga"
Ilya Repin invariably showed a keen interest in the pictures of national life. The artist's paintings on this subject always received a warm response from the democratically-minded intellectuals and artists. In the years 1870-1873, he created one of his most famous and monumental canvases "Barge Haulers on the Volga".
The plot of the picture arose under the impression of the artist's trip along the Volga. In this canvas, the author conveyed the strength and majesty of the simple Russian people. The images of the workers turned out to be very solid and poetic, in many respects because the author gave each of the people depicted personality traits. This work received international recognition, as it depicted a scene from the life of the people, while this topic was unpopular among the artists of the Academy.
Ilya Repin showed some key points in the past of our country.The artist's paintings on this subject were filled with special drama. One of the most famous works is the painting “Ivan the Terrible and his son Ivan”, created in 1885. It is indicative of the fact that the artist chose the writer V. Garshin for the depiction of the prince, in whose appearance, in his opinion, there was an expression of a certain doom. The canvas was negatively accepted by the Emperor Alexander III, even a ban was imposed on him, which nevertheless was removed by the efforts of other cultural figures.
In 1880, I traveled to Little Russia by Repin Ilya Efimovich. The paintings of the artist of the late period are distinguished by a special epic and colorful. In 1891, under the impression of this trip, he created the canvas “The Cossacks write a letter to the Turkish Sultan”.
The writing of the work was preceded by a long period of studying the conditions of everyday life, costumes, and the history of the people of Little Russia.
The painter has created many images of his outstanding contemporaries. Almost all had friendly relations with him. For nearly twenty years he was friends with the writer L. Tolstoy Repin Ilya Efimovich. Paintings portraits of the artist convey his sympathies to the people who posed for him.He created many images of this author, however, the most famous portrait entitled "The Plowman Leo Tolstoy on arable land", which he wrote in 1887. In this picture, he stressed the proximity of the writer to the life of the people, his whole nature and uncommon physical strength.
With many outstanding artists Ilya Repin was friends. The pictures, the description of which shows a wide range of his interests, are distinguished by democracy and simplicity, always captivating viewers and critics. Such is the image of the famous composer M. Musorgsky. The work was written during his illness, however, with amazing skill showed his lively mind, focusing on the eyes and facial expressions. Another equally famous portrait of the author is the image of the famous patron of arts P. Tretyakov.
Ilya Repin, pictures with the names of which are presented in this review, fulfilled a number of orders of the emperor. In 1884-1886, he painted the painting "Reception of volost foremen by Emperor Alexander III in the courtyard of the Peter Palace in Moscow." This order attracted the artist with a new opportunity to show representatives of the people.In the years 1901-1903, he painted a picture depicting a meeting of the State Council. This order was of political importance, however, attracted the artist the opportunity to do small sketches and sketches of the assembled persons. The rapid pace of work led to the fact that in a short time they created some interesting sketches. So, the artist's work was diverse and diverse. He painted pictures using a variety of subjects, and the paintings invariably succeeded him. The author made a great contribution to the development of realism in the national painting. In addition, he educated a whole galaxy of remarkable artists, among whom were V. Serov, I. Grabar and others.