How to make a proposal scheme?
The proposal scheme is not just another whimteachers. Thanks to it, you can better understand the structure and specifics of the proposal and more quickly disassemble it. However, not all students know how to draw up a proposal scheme, considering this occupation useless. But any scheme is a visualization that allows you to understand the essence. And if you understand it, you can apply this scheme to other proposals, which means you can avoid mistakes in writing in the future.
We compose the scheme of the sentence
Before you create a graphical schemeproposals, it is necessary to begin with the definition of what members of the sentence are words. First of all, it is necessary to define the subject and the predicate, which constitute its grammatical basis. Then you should distribute the rest of the words to the members of the sentence, but you must take into account that each of them refers to the subject or predicate. The subject includes definitions, to the predicate - addition and circumstance. Also it should be noted that some words to the members of the proposal do not apply: unions, interjections, inserts and introductory constructions. It may also be that a few words together are one member of the sentence: participial and adverbial movements. After the analysis, you will have an initial scheme of the proposal, from which you just need to remove the words and leave the lines with which the members of the sentence are underlined.
We compose the scheme of a complex sentence
If with a simple sentence everything is pretty easy,then the difficult many pose a dead end. And most school children are wondering how to write a scheme for a complex sentence. If this is a compound sentence, then the scheme should reflect all the predicative parts that are available in it. After that, both parts should be separated by square brackets, and between them put a punctuation mark and the union connecting them: , and . If the sentence is complex, then we separate each of its parts separately, and then select them in square brackets.
If you need to parse complexproposal, then in this case it is necessary to show all the interrelations between the parts. It should be borne in mind that the part that is subordinated is the main one, the one that obeys is the subordinate. Thus, the main is denoted by square brackets, while the adverb is round: , (which ...). Having studied the material, you can easily compose the schemes of sentences, and they will prompt how to correctly place commas, and you can avoid many punctuation errors.