How to choose tea?
Tea is one of the most popular drinks. Today the market is ready to provide many different varieties. Tea has become not only a way to satisfy thirst, but also a part of culture. It becomes difficult to understand which tea to choose and what is their difference.
Types and varieties of tea
Tea is distinguished by the degree of oxidation - it is because of her changing color of the drink. And, accordingly, depending on the processing of leaves, the taste of the tea itself changes.
- White teas are distinguished by the fact that tea leaves are barely processed. The leaves are collected and dried. As a result, the brewed tea will be slightly darker than green.
- Green tea is oxidized for two days. After which the leaves are processed. In China, this is usually done with pots, and in Japan with steam.
- Oolong tea (or Oolong) is called red tea. Its oxidation takes up to four days.
- The most famous type of tea is black. Ideally, leaf oxidation takes from two weeks to a month. But in low-grade teas this period can be reduced.
In addition to the main varieties, there are many varieties of tea. Depending on the additives, they may have a different taste.The quality of the tea is divided into three types: high, medium and low. They differ in the quality of the collected leaves:
- The highest quality tea is considered to be those for the manufacture of which unblown tea buds (tips) and the youngest leaves are used. Tea from tips is the most expensive and difficult to find in the free market. More common long leaf tea. It is made from tips and the first two leaves of the tea plant.
- To the average varieties of tea are those that are made from cut and broken leaves. When brewing such a drink will be strong, but it will not differ in such a delicate aroma as when drinking tea of the highest grade.
- Low tea varieties include those made from tea production waste and from poor quality leaves. During brewing, such tea will be black, but the taste and aroma will be of poor quality. All soluble and granulated as well as packaged teas fall under the category of low quality. They are made from tea dust, which adversely affects their taste.
Choose tea right
In a variety of types and varieties of tea is very easy to get lost. And so many do not know how to choose tea.First of all, decide for what or whom you buy it. Tea can be chosen for a specific event or a specific case. There are no strict rules for choosing welding, you can rely on reviews on the Internet or hear a description of the goods from the seller. But there are certain tips, following which, you will learn how to choose the right tea.
It should immediately be understood that the low price is to say that tea leaves are of low quality. Good varieties will be expensive. But the taste will be better. Pay attention to the expiration date. It is difficult to poison tea, but not all teas are intended for long-term storage (for example, Pu Er gets better over the years).
For good tea, leaf color is important. In green, they will be green and white, in black - almost black, in oolongs - brown. And any deviation from the norm will be considered a disadvantage. So "rusty" color may indicate a low grade of tea. In quality tea leaves have a slight shine, overflow. It is especially noticeable in Darjeelings.
In order to know how to choose a good tea, you need to pay attention to the homogeneity of the raw materials.Ideally, all the tea leaves should be the same size as the grade of tea. For the average and low quality tea is characterized by the presence of dust, dust and fragments of tea leaves.
For low quality tea is characterized by the presence of foreign objects in the tea. These include pieces of foil, plywood, wood, fragments of branches, and the like. It goes without saying that this should not be the case in high-grade tea.
It is also important to take into account the degree of dryness of the tea. The more moisture - the worse the quality of tea. This is due to the development of mold, which makes it poisonous. To avoid buying low-quality tea, you need to wipe a few tea leaves between your fingers. If they easily turn to dust, it means that you have burnt tea in front of you. If they do not give in, then this means that there is a lot of moisture in tea. As a rule, this is difficult to bring the product. Therefore, there is a simpler way to check the quality of tea: you need to put your hand in a jar of tea and pin it down. If it is of high quality, it will easily rise and straighten.
For each type of tea has its own characteristic smell. Therefore, it is easier to make a start from the fact that good tea will not smell like fumes, something burnt, metal, as well as any foreign smell.For example, fish (exceptions are exotic teas, for example, Lapshang Souchong), cosmetics, gasoline, and so on.
And the quality assessment of tea should be a decisive factor when buying it. Prefer proven shopping. Choose a variety of tea for a long time and thoughtfully. It is also important to brew the drink properly. As a rule, it is impossible to use boiling water for this. It is better to let the kettle cool down a little and afterwards fill the tea with water. Drink infused about three to five minutes. Some teas, such as Pu Er, can be brewed several times.