How many subjects in the Russian Federation there are?
What is a federation? This is a voluntary union of individual states that, having entered into an association, become subjects of an educated federation.If our country has a similar device, then how many subjects today there are 85 subjects of the federation.
Types of government
In addition to the federative structure, there are confederations (federations, like confederations, belong to a more complicated model of the state structure) and unitary states (a simple form).Describing the latter, the term “administrative-territorial structure” is resorted to, and the phrase “political-territorial structure” is applied to the federation and confederation, since the constituent parts of such a country are characterized by some autonomy and autonomy.
Options for the formation of federations
Subjects of the Federation have several options for education. Depending on this, federations are territorial, national, national-territorial, constitutional, contractual and mixed.The USSR, like the USA, was a contractual federation, the Russian Federation was a mixed one. What does it mean? This means that such educational processes as integration and decentralization take place in parallel. At the heart of the formation of the state is both constitutional and contractual methods. Therefore, a mixed federation is also called a constitutional treaty.
The Russian Federation is a country consisting of subjects with equal rights. This situation was enshrined in the basic law of the country - the Constitution - in 1993. And how many subjects in the Russian Federation were at that time? 89. The federative structure of any such country is rather complicated - the subjects can be both republics and territories, and states, lands, regions.Independent territories, which have their own authorities, voluntarily on equal rights unite in a union. The unitary state is characterized only by administrative-territorial division. The structure of the federation is therefore more complex, because it is connected both with the interrelation of various subjects with the federal authorities and with each other.
The owner of the largest number of subjects
Russia is the largest country on the planet.It has more subjects than other countries of this type — for example, there are 50 states in the USA, 16 lands in Germany, 26 states and 1 federal district in Brazil, 25 states in India, and 9 states in Ethiopia two city-region. On 5 inhabited continents of states with a federal structure there are many - 6 in Europe and Asia, 3 in Africa, 7 in America and 2 in Australia and Oceania.
What could be the subject of the federation
“How many subjects are in the Russian Federation?” Is a question that does not lose its relevance. As noted above, in 1993 there were 89, most recently, in 2014, 83, and with the entry of the Crimea and Sevastopol into the country, it became 85.Community, or state-legal education, or entities that form in the aggregate of the Russian Federation, are divided into 6 types. The first are the republics, the second is the edges, then the regions follow. There are cities of federal significance. There is no need to talk about autonomous regions in the plural, since it is one in the composition of the subjects. Close the list of species, which are divided into all the subjects of the Russian Federation, autonomous region.
The structure of our country is distinguished by its originality and uniqueness, and it must be considered in more detail.What is a republic and how many subjects of this type in the Russian Federation? The Russian Federation includes 22 republics. In the country's main law, it is characterized as a state. Its status is determined by the Constitution not only of Russia, but also of its own. A republic has the right to establish its own language, and by this it differs from other species.
Land, region and city with special status
How many subjects in the Russian Federation are called edges and how many are they? Edges 9, and they are scattered throughout the vast territory of Russia. What is the peculiarity of these formations? The status of the region, as a region and city of federal significance, is primarily determined by the Constitution of Russia and its own charter (they have no constitution), adopted at the regional, regional and city levels.And how many subjects within the Russian Federation are the names of regions, how many cities of federal significance? Regions - 46, cities only 3 - Moscow, St. Petersburg and Sevastopol.
Autonomous regions and districts
This is followed by autonomous regions, whose status is determined by the basic law and its own charter. A characteristic feature is the fact that with respect to the autonomous region, a federal law may be adopted on subjects of jurisdiction of the Russian Federation and on matters of joint jurisdiction of the Russian Federation and autonomous region.In the Russian Federation, there is only one Jewish Autonomous Region with a capital in Birobidzhan. There are still autonomous districts. How many subjects in the Russian Federation are included or related to them and how are they called? There are only 4 of them, and they are located as follows. Nenets and Chukot are located in the Far North, like most of the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug. But Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area, located in Western Siberia, is located closer to the south.
The unique state structure of the Russian Federation is based on the integrity of the country, the unity of the state system. power, equality of self-determination of peoples. The basic principle is the delimitation of competences and powers between the federal and local authorities. In comparison with the Constitution of the RSFSR in 1978, the number of subjects in the Russian Federation increased. New Russia has become a symmetric federation (there are also asymmetrical ones), that is, all its subjects have equal rights, although there are disputes among scholars about whether there is a pure symmetric federation at all and whether a country that has autonomies can be considered symmetrical by federation.
Number changing all the time
The number of subjects of the Russian Federation since 1993 has changed all the time.It was already indicated that as of December 12, 1993, the number of subjects in the Russian Federation was 89. Legislative activity ran from 1995 to 2008, and as of March 1, 2008, there were 83 subjects in the Russian Federation. The answer to the question “how many subjects are now in the Russian Federation” has already been heard - 85. In 2014, the Crimea peninsula and the city of federal significance Sevastopol, as a result of the will of the population expressed in a referendum, were attached to Russia. The previous changes were also made taking into account the opinions of the population of one or another region who wished to enter a district or region.
Subdivision of subjects by federal districts
There are other types of either divisions or associations to which subjects of the Russian Federation are subject. So, all 85 subjects are divided or merged into federal and military districts and economic regions. This begs the question of how many federal districts in Russia and in each of them how many subjects of the federation. In the Russian Federation, all 85 subjects are united in 9 FD. The Central District included 18 state-legal entities (subjects), the Southern - 6 subjects, the North-West - 11, and the Far Eastern - 9.Then come the Siberian (12) and Ural (6), Volga (14), North Caucasian (7) and Crimean (2) districts.Initially, at the time of creation, there were only seven. Then from the Southern Federal District in 2010, the North Caucasus stood out, and in 2014, as noted above, Crimean was formed. Federal districts were created according to the principle of military districts and economic regions, but they do not always coincide with them in the number of subjects to be united. The purpose of creation is to strengthen the vertical of power and ensure the effectiveness of the development of a particular industry.
The largest and smallest subjects
The largest subject of the Russian Federation is the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), which belongs to the Far Eastern District and occupies an area of 3083523 square kilometers, which is just over 18% of the area of the whole of the Russian Federation. The smallest subject is the city of federal significance Sevastopol - the occupied area is 1080 square meters. km, or 0.01%.