How many cases are in Russian?
Today in classical Russian in schooltextbooks allocate six basic cases. At the same time, some linguists, for example, Zaliznyak, in modern Russian have identified thirteen cases, in the use of which, in the author's opinion, one can feel in all its glory the greatness and diversity of the Russian language. But the system of six cases is still generally used.
In order to easily remember how many cases in the Russian language, you can learn a cheerful reminder: Ivan Rodil Girl, Ordered To Drag the Diaper. The uppercase letters of the rhyme remind us of cases:
- The letter "AND" is the nominative;
- The letter "P" is the genitive case;
- The letter "D" - dative case;
- The letter "B" is the accusative case;
- The letter "T" is the instrumental;
- Letter "P" - prepositional case.
Remembering the names of cases in this way,To consider, what questions they answer. The nominative case refers to the object or subject of the action and answers the questions "Who?", "What?". The genitive case, already by its name, pushes the questions "Who?", "What?". The dative case wants to give something to "To whom?", "To what?". The accusative case accuses "Whom?", "What?". The instrumental case tells "Who?", "What?" Can be created, and the prepositional case suggests thinking "About whom?", "About what?".