Cravat bandage. Types of scarfts and overlay technique
First aid in injuries is the imposition of a scarf. This can be done on most parts of the body. This bandage should be able to impose people involved in extreme sports, as well as all lovers of active lifestyle, production workers. In short, everyone who is at risk of injury.
General information about these dressings
The scarf is a piece of gauze in the form of a scarf or shawl. It should be a first aid kit for each person.
The advantages of this dressing:
- Simplicity of imposing, it is easy for making in the most extreme conditions.
- A scarf bandage is an opportunity to help a large number of people injured from injuries without special treatment of wounds.
- The twisted bandage perfectly stops the bleeding and acts in a similar form as a tightening cord.
- There is no need to remove it when transportation of the victim is required. The bandage on the arm or on another part of the body can simply be loosened.
- A great self help option.
- Even if there is no gauze bandage for medical purposes, it can be made from scrap materials, such as any large rag, scarf, tippet or shawl.
Disadvantages of this dressing:
- not strong fixation, but in extreme cases it is not so important, especially if it is properly applied;
- may require additional treatment of the wound, which is not possible with a bandage bandage;
- the need to have a certain skill of its imposition (a person without training is unlikely to be able to competently put a scarf bandage on the upper limb);
- the need to control the fixation so that it does not slip.
Purpose of this dressing
The main purpose of the dressing is to fix the arms, heads, legs, even the scrotum or mammary gland, as well as the hips. For example, an injured arm can be hung with a scarf. So that the limb does not move involuntarily, causing pain.
A blanket bandage can be not only from gauze, it can be self-made from a sleeve of a shirt or trouser, for example. So that such universality and the absence of rigid canons make her an excellent "assistant" in the provision of first aid to the victim.
General recommendations for the use of dressings
Kanova bandages can be closed and open type. Both of these types are two different ways to overlay.
A closed bandage is applied twisted into a roll, and open - into a kerchief. The latter must be sterile and should never overlap the wound. If it is wrong to do it, then you can cause a complication in the form of intense bleeding. The bandage can not be tight. In doing so, actions must be careful and accurate.
A bandage dressing can be applied to secure the dressing with other material, as well as to hang the injured limb.
How to impose?
The general overlap rules are as follows:
- Unless it is a pressure bandage, you cannot impose its knot on the wound.
- The bandage should be firmly fixed to the damaged surface, then it must be firmly tied.
- A bandage exclusively from sterile materials is applied to open wounds. There is no longer suitable sleeve shirt. You will need sterile gauze or bandage.
Where a bandage is applied:
- on the shoulder joint
- on the head;
- a hand;
Depending on which part of the body is damaged, the bandage is applied differently.
Now the technique of imposing a headband will be considered.With a head injury, it is applied in the form of a helmet:
- Before applying the dressing, cover the open wound with sterile gauze. This must be done so that no dangerous microbes that can provoke sepsis and infection penetrate through the open wound.
- When applying a headscarf, the base of the dressing should be located at the back of the head and the top above the nose.
- At the same time you need to grab both ends of the kerchief with different hands. Then you need to tighten the base of the bandage. Then connect the ends on the neck and tie them over the top.
- The top of the headscarf should then slip the floor knot.
Foot and hand
On the foot bandage should be applied, adhering to this instruction:
- Cover the open wound with sterile gauze or bandage.
- Put the hand or foot on the spreading bandage so that the fingers “look” at the top of the headscarf.
- Then you need to bend the top towards the back of the hand or foot.
- Next, both tips need to be wrapped around the damaged area of the hand or foot.
- Tie bandage ends.
A bandage is applied to the knee like this:
- as in the above cases, the open wound should be tightly closed with sterile material before the application process;
- put on top the upper part of the scarf;
- the top of the dressing should face the waist;
- 2 centimeters to bend the base of the bandage in order to make it stronger and more reliable;
- cross the tips in the hollow area under the knee, then tie them on the thigh;
- The top of the bandage must be transferred through the resulting node, and then gently place it under it.
Next, we will describe how a strap bandage is applied to the upper limb.
- if an open wound appears on the arm, then it must be covered with sterile gauze or a bandage;
- one end of the bandage should be on the shoulder, and the upper part - on the wrist;
- wrap the end of the bandage that hangs around the forearm;
- wrap the other end, heading towards the forearm;
- bandage both ends.
When the bandage is applied to the knee or elbow joint, the arm or leg should be in a slightly bent state. You can not bend the limb completely, otherwise with subsequent movements, the bandage on the arm will easily loosen and begin to crawl.
If you leave the limb straightened, the bandage during subsequent movements will strongly press and cause additional pain, sometimes causing numbness and making it difficult for the blood to circulate.
A bandage is applied to the thigh:
- as in other cases, a piece of sterile gauze is placed on the open wound;
- impose a developed bandage so that the top looks upward along the body;
- it is necessary to bend the base of the bandage by 2 centimeters - to enhance the strength of the material and the design itself;
- tie the ends of the bandages around the thigh into a knot;
- put the top in the fold, which was formed by the addition of the base of the bandage;
- to make turns of the folded fabric in order to have a twisting effect;
- gird the folded bandage around the waist;
- tie the tips.
Several trainings - and the skill of tying a scarf bandage will be acquired. This knowledge will help you save lives!