As the pomegranate grows. Useful qualities and properties of pomegranate
Buying a marvelous fruit in a store, few people wonder how and where, pomegranate grows in nature and at home. The fruit is associated with hot and sunny south, and the fruits of bright red and scarlet color are like fire, giving warmth in the harsh winter time and reminiscent of the enchanting colors of summer.
A bit of history
In antiquity, pomegranate grains attracted many people. In Rome, thanks to the grains, the fruit was called malumgranatum, which in Latin means “grained apple”, hence the Russian name, pomegranate.
In the era of the great pharaohs of Egypt, pomegranate grew in Carthage (modern territory of Tunisia). Therefore, the Romans called the fruit punicus or malumpunicum - Punic (Carthage) or "Punic apple."
It is authentically known that in 825 BC the Phoenicians founded Carthage, and before that they lived on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea (the modern coastline of Syria and Lebanon).From these places they brought pomegranate tree seedlings. Carthage was one of the most prosperous trading cities, which really hurt the Romans and when they took possession of Carthage, literally wiping off the face of the earth, only a grenade survived.
Pomegranate was revered and considered the "king" of fruits, because it even outwardly differed among other fruits, since the sepals resembled the shape of a crown. It is believed that they became the prototype of the main headdress of the king.
One can only guess what works the people of North Africa cost to grow a marvelous fruit under the merciless African sun. Pomegranates grow in the tropics and subtropics, it is very convenient to cultivate them in places with a hot semi-dry climate.
Currently, pomegranate grows in abundance in the Crimea, in the south of the Krasnodar Territory, in the hot regions of the North Caucasus. Tellingly, it is found today in the wild, for example, in Transcaucasia. Here you can see it in small undergrowths of pine or oak, on rocky slopes and salt marshes. It is cultivated in Central Asia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, the Mediterranean.
Useful qualities and properties of pomegranate
Pomegranate flowers are used in the textile industry.They contain a large amount of organic dyes that paint fabrics.
The beneficial properties of pomegranate are invaluable, the berries contain vitamins, minerals, minerals. The juice contains sugar and glucose, about 10% of acids, in a large amount of tannins.
Pomegranate fruits quench thirst, stimulate appetite, strengthen the immune system and vascular walls, improve blood formation. Pomegranate juice is recommended for heart diseases, it normalizes blood pressure, cleanses the liver, helps fight depression. Juice is recommended for diabetes. If it is consumed daily in a small amount, on the fourth day the blood sugar level will decrease.
The peel tastes bitter, but acts as a good fixative for indigestion, and the decoction of the peel is an excellent anti-inflammatory agent for gargling.
The lintels that separate the pomegranate grains are dried and added to tea, which helps get rid of insomnia, relieves anxiety and arousal. Bones stimulate the intestines and are a source of valuable pomegranate oil, which are rich in vitamins F and E, protecting the body from cancer and promoting rejuvenation.
In cooking, mainly in the Caucasus, they use condensed or boiled pomegranate juice as a seasoning for various dishes. Whether it is meat or vegetable dish, the taste will be unique.
Growing pomegranate in nature
Pomegranate loves bright light and requires lighting without shadow. If it feels lack of light, it will not bloom. For ripening fruit requires a long and hot summer, and not very cold and short winter, as the plant can withstand temperatures not lower than -12 degrees.
Pomegranate is bred with grains, cuttings, layering and grafting on seedlings. From grains to grow quite troublesome, difficult and long. The best option is to buy a ready seedling and then cultivate. Seedling planted in a place with maximum access to the sun's rays. Water the plant 2-3 times a week in the first month after planting, then watering is reduced to 1 time per week.
Fruiting pomegranate depends on the seedling. If the cutting or cutting is to wait 6-7 years for the crop, and if the seedling is stronger, the first fruits will appear in the third year after planting. The plant reaches maximum fructification by the age of 8-10.
The tree lives on average 50-70 years, but there are some long-lived bushes.Pomegranates grow in parks in Paris that have been bearing fruit for more than 200 years, and in Azerbaijan for more than 100 years. There are rare specimens that are almost 3 centuries old.
Pomegranate is so unpretentious that it grows in almost any soil. It grows amazingly on clay and acidic soil when it is warm and sunny. It belongs to the family of shrubs and grows up to 6 meters in height.
If we talk about industrial plantings of a crop, then the soil is prepared in the classical way - at first plowed annual plants that are specially grown, like organic fertilizer, this is called green manure. Then fertilizers are applied, manure is added, special plows are used for deep tillage (plantazh), before planting drilled holes and planted. It turns out a nursery for pomegranates. Acquired seedlings from such nurseries get along well at home.
We grow pomegranate at the dacha
Pomegranate can be grown on the summer cottage, if the land is fertile. A hole is dug out with a size of 60x60x60cm, on the bottom of which an upper layer of soil is placed, since it is more fertile, a sapling is put, it is buried and watered.
If the soil is heavy, clayey, with low oxygen saturation, it is advised to add river sand, and if the soil is sandy - to add fertile soil. In case of planting, mineral fertilizers, manure or humus should not be added to the hole in any case; they do this no later than 3 months before planting.
Seedlings deepen centimeters 10 lower than they grew in the nursery. This is done in order to form an additional root system, and the plants are better settled. It is better to arrange seedlings at an angle of 45 degrees in the direction of the row, which in the future will make it easy to cover the bushes for the winter.
- After planting, carefully seal and pour the soil around the seedling to avoid the formation of voids.
- After 1 day, once again water and mud the soil with leaves or dark sawdust (half-rotted).
- Water the seedlings at least 1 time per week. Feed by foliar method crystal on the leaf, in May and June. 10 liters of water (bucket) - 15-20 grams of fertilizer will be enough for 10 acres.
- Crystal well stimulates the growth and flowering of plants, it is very economically beneficial and environmentally friendly.
- Periodically process the soil, removing weeds.
Shelled a grenade in November.Shrubs are tilted, tied to the stakes that will stand constantly, they shovel with earth that is between the rows. Believe me, all this will be rewarded a hundredfold, when in the summer the bushes will smell sweet and floral, and in the winter, when you celebrate the New Year, you can treat your guests with your own pomegranate fruits!
How to grow pomegranate at home
Among growers, lovers of home cultures, the most popular dwarf pomegranate, which begins to bloom in the thief year of life.
- For planting a dwarf pomegranate, a small but wide vessel will fit, as the plant has a developed root system. The soil is taken slightly acidic.
- Pomegranate is easy to grow, even on the windowsill, if there is a lot of heat and sunlight.
- The flowers are very beautifully located almost throughout the entire crown, only at home there are not so many of them, and the fruits of the dwarf pomegranate are small, 5-6 cm.
Not everyone can boast a pomegranate tree on the windowsill, which will complement the curtains and decorate the interior.
Crown plants are formed 2 times a year, in spring and autumn. Autumn pruning more thorough than spring.Also monitor the condition of moisture, the soil should be wet. In the summer, the pot is taken out to the balcony or loggia, and with the onset of cold weather they are removed to a cool room (at this time the leaves fall). The optimum temperature for wintering is about 15 degrees. Feeding in the winter is not required. Since the shrub is “sleeping”, watering is limited, but it does not allow the soil to dry out. In the spring, as soon as the young leaves appear, fertilizing is resumed.
How to grow pomegranate from the stone
The question of how to grow pomegranate from the stone interests many. The answer of gardeners is always unequivocal: it is possible, only the process is long and difficult. From cuttings to grow a plant easier.
- Pomegranate quickly peeled. Ideal if you can get the fruit of a tree grown in the home, as from the purchased almost nothing happens.
- Remove the grain (when planting, use the grain, not the gnawed bones) and dry. Usually enough days.
- Grains are soaked in milk or water (to better sprout). Some use special growth promoters.
Options for planting grains at home are varied.Some believe that the grain should not be soaked, especially in milk. When the grains are ready for planting, we plant them in the ground, pre-loosening and moisturizing. Some use ready-made primer for flowers or seedlings.
After disembarking, the dishes are covered with plastic wrap to create a greenhouse effect and put in a warm, but not bright place. It will take about a week. When shoots appear, remove the film, and transfer the plant to a place where direct sunlight falls. It is easy to care for the pomegranate, the main thing is to water, feed, periodically remove excess growth and form a crown.
If you want to pomegranate fruit, do not plant in a spacious pot. Choose a container that exactly matches the size of the earth coma. This is another feature of the dwarf pomegranate, the narrower the dishes, the more fruitful pitchers.
Any amateur gardener who grows pomegranate in the garden is worthy of respect, and if the plant is cultivated at home, you get a real exotic.