90 pressure to 60 and hypotension
Blood pressure is the force with which blood pushes against the walls of blood vessels. The heart is filled with blood, and then pushes it into the vessels, providing the organs with this vital fluid. Blood pressure readings are written by fraction. The first number indicates the systolic pressure characterizing the work of the heart muscle, the second - the diastolic, which determines the vascular tone. It is considered to be indicators 120/80 or 110/70 as a norm. An increase in these numbers indicates the presence of hypertension, a decrease indicates hypotension. A pressure of 90 to 60 is quite often found in young and practically healthy people. If with such indicators a person does not bother, then it is physiological hypotension. This is not a disease, but such an individual norm. But sometimes low blood pressure (90 to 60 and below) is accompanied by headache, weakness, dizziness. In such cases, you should consult your doctor, because hypotension may be a symptom of a serious disease of the thyroid gland or adrenal glands, etc.
Causes of low pressure
As an independent disease, a reduced pressure of 90 to 60 is, in fact, a neurosis of the vessels or arterial hypotension. The reasons for it can be overwork, poor nutrition, nervous exertion. This is called primary hypotension. If the pressure decreases during a disease or after suffering severe conditions such as a heart attack, stomach ulcer, hepatitis, then they are talking about secondary hypotension. Teenagers and young women are more prone to the disease. At this age, the pressure of 90 to 60 and below can be provoked by: training loads, stresses; lack of vitamins, especially group B; long stay in stuffiness and in the open sun. The loss of fluid in the heat in the body is compensated through the blood, which reduces vascular tone, and therefore blood pressure drops. After the age of 50 years, the elasticity of blood vessels is deteriorating. People are beginning to respond to sudden changes in weather and atmospheric pressure. Also, the use of certain drugs, antispasmodics and antibiotics can lead to hypotension.
Hypotension is often accompanied by crises, during which the pressure decreases (90 to 50, even 80 to 50). A person experiences dizziness, severe weakness, nausea.Blue lips, fingers, lays ears. Possible even loss of consciousness - fainting. Hypotonic crisis lasts a few minutes.
Diagnosis and prevention
A pressure of 90 to 60 should be a guideline for determining the state of the body. It is like the limits of its normal operation. A small difference between the figures characterizing the upper and lower pressure - 90 to 70, for example, indicates a poor blood flow. This is also a good reason to go to a doctor. Only after a complete examination of the body can you identify the true cause of hypotension and correctly prescribe treatment. At home, it is recommended to observe only preventive measures. Morning, start with a contrast shower and a small charge, drink green tea.